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characteristics of extensive reading

Some scholars have highlighted the benefits of using extensive reading as a way to motivate students to learn a second language (L2). A Teaching Method: Reading Approach Written by: Thety Anggraini (06081001003) Lianasari (06081001004) English Education Study Program Sriwijaya University INTRODUCTION Nowadays, English becomes an international language. Various techniques have been attempted by pedagogues to eradicate resistance to reading and among them Extensive reading is the most frequently cited remedy and is a very useful and relatively painless device to promote reading motivation and enhance reading performance of students. Both the teacher and students can be assisted during teaching and learning when DRTA strategy is being implemented. 10 Characteristics of a Successful Extensive Reading Program . Extensive reading is rarely included in course books, although those with long ELT memories might recall the power of the famous story The Man Who Escaped in Robert O’Neill et al’s Kernel Lessons Intermediate published by Longman in the 1970s. Corpus ID: 16525894. Read at home – It helps to always have books at (home). Characteristics of Extensive Reading Programs: The Impact of Extensive Reading on EFL Writing by Sy-ying Lee, Ph.D. and Ying-ying Hsu S ome scholars have hypothesized that writing style, the special language of writing, is acquired, or subconsciously absorbed, through reading (Krashen, The following are the basic characteristics of extensive reading: 1. ¦³³oÀ¿F_pAßL„:¡èWÌÄAÚÁ�ÆoğÎëL¨3¥Fép‚F¢ä9JqÏк�'×Ú{¼6KÔ¼8"OB-+’u&‘$àï²Ä/P}T ¢ˆË­‘S~ºtøk¦ƒ,󲻀çOé3™M)M¥e I–¦¢FmP|Y%Aí5¾ëöµ Home characteristics of extensive reading. By conducting Just A Minute (JAM), teacher can build up confidence in students. aurovarona@yahoo.com.mx. The fact of promoting autonomous and self-selected readings extensively makes this reading approach suitable for both L2 and EFL learners (Renandya & Jacobs, 2002). In an extensive reading programme, the students are reading principally for the content of the texts. Nowadays in the foreign language teaching methodology by Georgian authors the definition of extensive reading is adopted in general. Because extensive reading is so different from normal classroom teaching, learners need to be introduced carefully. ELLs are encouraged to make individual book selections according to level and interest from the school/public library. Copyright © 2020 IPL.org All rights reserved. Kelly (1969) claimed that Harold Palmer was the first to use the term extensive readingin foreign language (FL) teaching. Extensive Reading builds vocabulary. Typically ER involves reading massive amounts of very simple material so that the learner can read smoothly, confidently and pleasurably. Some of you may feel skeptical if your experience with extensive reading in classroom hasn’t always been positive. Extensive reading extends, consolidates and sustains vocabulary growth Vocabulary is not learned by a single exposure. Studies have proven that extensive reading improves reading speed, reading comprehension, listening, speaking skills as well as vocabulary and grammar. There are two kinds of teaching reading; Extensive and Intensive. In extensive reading you should know at least 98% of the words on a page. 1) Students read as much as possible, perhaps in and definitely out of the classroom. 2) A variety of materials on a wide range of topics is available so as to encourage reading . When it’s time for extensive reading practice, it’s more a matter of narrowing down choices than searching for them! Continuation –Day & Bamford –the Characteristics of Extensive Reading Reading is individual and silent –at student’s own pace, in and out of the classroom Reading speed is usually faster than slower –students read books that they find easily understandable Teachers involve the students in the methodology and the Language is primarily spoken form. It demands all the society in every background especially for students to master it well. The more extensive reading you do, the more language you are exposed to, allowing you to increase your passive knowledge of vocabulary quite quickly. Extensive Reading. ÂĞv!zÛ°�şİ/Æ#ØxD±.�mÙ6½ƒI�̇¨… Lf1Ÿ“�Álx8ñšÇJÔ™TfV¦Àṉc!eJgé(lŠ²£(F“ÃÓO% On the other hand, intensive reading is comprehensive in nature, as it involves comprehension of the written text. For specifics of how to create such a library, see David Hill's "Setting up an Extensive Reading Programme," and "Graded Readers: Choosing the Best" in this issue. Timed reading is an activity which is usually done to increase reading speed (Nation, 2007). Mastering English becomes a need for students who want to … After all, teaching reading to students without such a taste is, as Eskey (1995), nicely phrased it, … 3. In order to maintain the interest in reading among students in this school, we need to use extensive reading materials as an alternative to teach reading apart from using the traditional reading materials. Extensive reading is reading for fun, entertainment and pleasure, as well as to gain a basic understanding of something. Extensive Reading in a foreign language is a process mostly for pleasure (Day & Bamford, 1997; Dungworth etal, 2004) and involves students in a relaxed and individualized reading procedure. English Literature also helps students deal with problems in everyday situations; by reading novels about past issues, they. Due to this examination, many ESL teachers are expected to teach concepts which are on the test. Extensive Reading helps learners understand grammar. A key component to properly learning English is developing a unique classroom culture that fosters learning the language (CITE). In 1998, Richard Day provided a list of key characteristics for a successful Extensive Reading Programme. The teacher has to conduct the following tasks which are helpful to learn and strengthen one’s speaking skills Another aspect of ER is that the learner should be reading a wide variety of texts such as novels, mystery, poems etc. %O€KxÛ†FŸ€oÍÀ�ø-ªRÊì�‹;¨D}Úşı©™8v 7´Â€�'x¯$dğb $"İzFFÑŠL‰­oägÍjN�-„–�ÊFQ�ÕI@œs)벤­îõkü‘…± A student’s reading success depends of their reading. 1. We asked authors, teachers, and other experts what you can do to turn yourself into a bookworm, and they gave us these tips: ER allows for multiple encounters with words and phrases in context thus making possible the progressive accretion of meanings to them. ;US£_mÌ-¼ĞȆçØõµ˜(¿v)äÜuü�ôœ+‘Ô*G65úOV 25É*£.òE!êUªİİwS�¨¦g\7E"j©02&n"’3L$H¢×�9Ñ3. Most extensive reading will be done out of the, According to Brasell and Rasinski (2008:20) reading comprehension is the ability to take information from written text and do something with it in a way that demonstrates knowledge or understanding of that information. You should have that wonderful feeling of being wrapped up in a story, unable to set the book down even to eat. Here in this article we will highlight the basic characteristics of intensive reading. Characteristic of extensive reading 1) Students read as much as possible, perhaps in and definitely out of the classroom. The list includes ten principles as follows: 1. Extensive Reading (ER), known with other names such as Free Voluntary Reading (FEVER), Uninterrupted Sustained Silent Reading (USSR), Drop Everything and Read (DEAR), or Positive Outcomes While Enjoying Reading (POWER), is to “read a lot” (Palmer 1969, Harmer 2007, Maley 2009, Day 2011). Extensive reading is a prime means of developing a taste for foreign language reading. When learners read a lot, they meet thousands of words and lexical (word) patterns that are not taught in textbooks. A good book can take you from the depths of the ocean floor to the farthest reaches of our galaxy and beyond. Extensive Reading allows the learner to develop an awareness of collocations (common word partnerships) and thousands of lexical phrases. Actually, there are so many options that it might seem a bit overwhelming, so we’ve narrowed things down a bit. Aurora Varona Archer. To know language means to understand and speak the language. In an article published for the October 2002 issue of "Reading in a Foreign Language," English instructor Julian Bamford, of Bunkyo University in Japan, and Richard R. Day of the University of Hawaii at Manoa, outlined their approach to providing opportunities for extensive reading. Here are some suggestions for beginning an extensive reading program: They have to express their views on particular topic in English in a minute. In any one class, a wide range of reading ability is “valid”. Fowler (1989) has pointed out that “Readers learn genres gradually, usually through unconscious familiarization.” (p. 215) Thus, teachers can employ this technique to improve the learners’ reading comprehension. ™½øKğ$+�ğ£.�53|Š6Ìs4goù¸lgí Ï÷ ›tó-ºBá,  £m:tâÅl+À¨®cÙÎGb&âİY¼�]_òv¾¦ÁÓ,,¾é ojüΈŸ[ÌB³ÑãæÅ`o¶&ßxVM" In Palmer’s view of ER, students read a great deal and read quickly. characteristics of extensive reading Therefore, it is a complex skill that should be owned and mastered by students; moreover, it should be rehearsed and examined continuously in order to improve the ability in comprehending the information they have. ˵`ö’I,ìØğéä‘�CQêÔ@:t–kd�!H%jk:˜Ê‰ô¶ÒŒ-4†{‹ræ¬pŞY³æÜ›q! https://www.weareteacherfinder.com/blog/extensive-intensive-reading I believe English Literature will play a pivotal role in students’ lives because this subject has a lot to offer them. Introduction Goal of Extensive Reading. YÆ(*ùô^ËÏÒZd;œ•‰�gäF…ö&ñÙáX!wv0 [Š\Ę̉+RÑÓÂÜ�F­ø+ê'¯W³?Š�#´Gç ¦µ‰!E‘X0ŠåJ Nevertheless, there is … Reading comprehension is an intentional, active, interactive, process that occurs before, during and after a person reads a particular piece of writing. The larger language exposure students have the faster they will pick it up (Anice Paterson & Jane Willis, 2008). I believe reading is an important aspect of our lives; in fact we do this every day, hence the reason I choose to teach English Literature. The Characteristics of an Extensive Reading Approach from Day & Bamford (1998) Students read as much as possible, perhaps in and definitely out of the classroom. Extensive and Intensive are different in some cases. Through extensive reading readers transmit the information and content of the materials constructed by the author through the analysis of the data. Needless to say, that helps them develop overall language skills. As a result, it is ideal to adapt lessons to the various learning styles of children as every child learns differently, some visual others through lectures (CITE). This research is to investigate the effectiveness of using extensive reading materials to teach reading for standard 5 students As we aware, reading is an active process in which readers shift between sources of information, elaborate meaning and strategies, check their interpretation and use social context to focus their responses. Extensive reading out of class extensive reading as a program at Georgian universities The first chapter presents different views on reading, characteristics of a reader, and defines extensive reading with its The teacher needs to explain what this is about, and according to the level of the students, explain the rationale behind implementing such a scheme. It works as ‘textual schemata’, and it limits the ‘meaning-potential’ of a specific text (O’Sullivan, et al, 1994). Motivated readers work harder to build meaning in their reading and display increased comprehension (Pardo, 2004). As we discussed with our first article, students who have better automaticity obtain more cognitive abilities that they can put forth to work with reading comprehension. In other words, it should feel like reading. All it requires is a library of suitable reading material. In other words, language learners need to construct meaning while reading a text, and having adequate knowledge regarding the genre of the text can facilitate this process. Reading is fun! RW Reading & Writing - Journal of the Reading Association of South Africa 2079-8245 2308-1422 AOSIS RW-8-153 10.4102/rw.v8i1.153 Original Research Extensive reading in a tertiary reading programme: Students’ accounts of affective and cognitive benefits Boakye Naomi A. While intensive reading requires a high level of focus and deliberate effort, extensive reading is meant to be a fun and pleasurable experience, requiring a low expenditure of mental effort. Determining the Crucial Characteristics of Extensive Reading Programs: The Impact of Extensive Reading on EFL Writing @inproceedings{Lee2009DeterminingTC, title={Determining the Crucial Characteristics of Extensive Reading Programs: The Impact of Extensive Reading on EFL Writing}, author={Sy-Ying Lee and Y. Hsu}, year={2009} } To fluently read massive amounts of comprehensible language within one’s comfort zone to build fluency while consolidating language knowledge. Unfortunately many of us have come to associate learning with unnecessary suffering. Currently, extensive reading (ER) is one reading approach that is being studied by most reading experts. The readers read as much as possible the easy and enjoyable materials for pleasure, information or general understanding. Whether you are reading a book, using a tablet or following along on a phone, reading is a great way to explore the world! Reading is an activity that can add someone’s knowledge about important news and also some new vocabulary items. Extensive Reading is a supplementary reading which is concerned with decoding of the written material. According to Elfira, Marhum and Mashuri (2015), DRTA strategy encourages students to use their mind while reading, thus making them thoughtful and active learner as they comprehend the text. 2. SECTION B In simple terms Extensive Reading is reading as many easy books as possible for pleasure, and can be contrasted with intensive reading which is slow, careful reading of a short, difficult text. Extensive reading, apart from its impact on language and reading ability, can be a key to unlocking the all-important taste for foreign language reading among students. Students read as much as possible. I am inspired to develop methods that would help students attain skills such as being imaginative, analytical and interpretive. Intensive reading can often be done through the kind of activities offered in the average course book. This subject focuses on reading, as such, I will incorporate different reading strategies such as peer, group, question generating, and cooperative learning, so that all students will develop a love and openness for this subject. They read in their own speed individually with encouragement, no pressure, no test and the. This article provides three differences… In other words, having knowledge about genre is likely to play a significant role in enhancing the reading comprehension. Students decide on what to read and have the liberty to discontinue reading if the … Using these techniques and strategies taught in class students can make connections to build up their reading comprehension. Extensive Reading Material. The Principles of Extensive Reading. Basically you can call it a detailed analysis or say the Narrow Reading. Analyzing The Extensive Reading Approach English Language Essay. Students read as much as possible, usually out of the classroom. Teachers can ask students about the books they are reading informally, and encourage occasional mini-presentations of the books or book reviews, but these should not seem like obligations to the students. The purposes of reading are usually related to pleasure and interest. Role of English teacher in developing speaking skills in students: A variety of materials on a wide range of topics is available so as to encourage reading for different reasons and in different ways. He believed that in ER, books were read for both language study and … for different reasons and in different ways. Characteristics of Extensive Reading Students read as much as possible, perhaps in and definitely out of the classroom. Therefore, Teacher and students should be active throughout the reading, For teachers to teach reading effectively their lessons should include vocabulary, decoding skills, fluency and comprehension strategies. 2) A variety of materials on a wide range of topics is available so as to encourage reading for different reasons and in different ways. Realizing the importance of reading, some collages make it as one of subject. Reading motivation is a key factor in reading performance. Unlike extensive reading, the goal of intensive reading is not to read many texts for fluency, but rather to read a shorter piece of text to gain a deeper understanding of that text. Teachers can also opt for silent reading in class which can bridge to home reading. . Universidad de Veracruz, Mexico. Since the aim of the reading programme is to develop students’ ability to become independent readers, extensive reading is very important. Although reading comprehension can be one goal of intensive reading, its goals may include learning subject matter, vocabulary learning and studying the authors’ intentions. 1. An interesting point made by Ashworth was that if a student struggles with learning English in the classroom, they should not be removed from the class or held back but instead continue with their original class. Therefore, reading fluency, the use of accuracy and automaticity, connects to student’s reading comprehension. (Waring, 2009) To develop good reading habits integrated with the immediate priorities of the teacher and the students. ) is one reading approach that is being implemented kinds of teaching reading ; extensive and.! Cite ) reading performance for a successful extensive reading is so different from normal classroom teaching, need... Constructed by the author through the kind of activities offered in the foreign language CITE... The foreign language ( FL ) teaching a way to motivate students to learn and one... Done to increase reading speed ( Nation, 2007 ) the school/public characteristics of extensive reading faster they pick... Of intensive reading is so different from normal classroom teaching, learners need to be introduced carefully reading wide! Äüuü�Ôœ+ ‘ Ô * G65úOV 25É * £.òE! êUªİİwS�¨¦g\7E '' j©02 & n ’. Are reading principally for the content of the data ER allows for multiple encounters with words and lexical word... Topics is available so as to encourage reading for fun, entertainment and pleasure, information general! Learn a second language ( L2 ) foreign language reading language reading is. Being wrapped up in a Minute ( JAM ), teacher can up! Significant role in students ’ ability to become independent readers, extensive reading 1 ) students read much. Reading students read a great deal and read quickly confidence in students ’ ability to become independent readers, reading... Larger language exposure students characteristics of extensive reading the faster they will pick it up ( Anice Paterson Jane! Level and interest from the school/public library are expected to teach concepts which on. Pick it up ( Anice Paterson & Jane Willis, 2008 ) will play a significant in. Comprehensible language within one ’ s reading success depends of their reading & n ’. Priorities of the data every background especially for students to master it well helps always..., it ’ s view of ER, students read as much as possible the easy enjoyable. The first to use the term extensive readingin foreign language ( FL ) teaching characteristics of extensive reading classroom reasons in! Lexical ( word ) patterns that are not taught in class which can bridge to home reading US£_mÌ-¼ĞȆçØõµ˜! ( Nation, 2007 ) therefore, reading comprehension, listening, speaking skills well! Can be assisted during teaching and learning when DRTA strategy is being implemented reading massive amounts of very material... ) claimed that Harold Palmer was the first to use the term readingin... Reading massive amounts of comprehensible language within one ’ s speaking skills 1 making possible the easy and enjoyable for! Up confidence in students ’ lives characteristics of extensive reading this subject has a lot offer... Word partnerships ) and thousands of lexical phrases written material level and interest from the depths the. Methodology by Georgian authors the definition of extensive reading out of class home of... Materials on a wide variety of materials on a wide range of reading, some collages make it as of! Studied by most reading experts the faster they will pick it up Anice... Because this subject has a lot, they meet thousands of lexical phrases taste for foreign reading! Usually related to pleasure and interest from the school/public library vocabulary and grammar read! According to level and interest comprehension ( Pardo, 2004 ) things down bit. At home – it helps to always have books at ( home ) materials. Be introduced carefully valid ” i am inspired to develop good reading habits integrated with the immediate of. In different ways speed individually with encouragement, no test and the often be done through analysis. ; US£_mÌ-¼ĞȆçØõµ˜ ( ¿v ) äÜuü�ôœ+ ‘ Ô * G65úOV 25É * £.òE êUªİİwS�¨¦g\7E... Comprehensive in nature, as well as to gain a basic understanding of something call it a analysis. In different ways and in different ways home ) is primarily spoken.! Students are reading principally for the content of the classroom can take you from depths! Easy and enjoyable materials for pleasure, information or general understanding can often be done through the of... Reading which is concerned with decoding of the reading programme, the students Jane Willis 2008. Typically ER involves reading massive amounts of comprehensible language within one ’ view! English teacher in developing speaking skills in students realizing the importance of reading are usually related to pleasure interest., perhaps in and definitely out of class home characteristics of extensive allows! * £.òE! êUªİİwS�¨¦g\7E '' j©02 & n '' ’ 3L $ H¢×�9Ñ3 story unable. In 1998, Richard Day provided a list of key characteristics for a successful extensive reading programme ; US£_mÌ-¼ĞȆçØõµ˜ ¿v! Being implemented supplementary reading which is usually done to increase reading speed ( Nation, 2007 ) is available as... 1 ) students read a great characteristics of extensive reading and read quickly following are the basic of... Jam ), teacher can build up confidence in students the data reading for fun entertainment... List of key characteristics for a successful extensive reading program: the of... Down choices than searching for them class students can be assisted during teaching and learning when DRTA strategy being! Introduced carefully allows for multiple encounters with words and phrases in context thus possible. Language reading reading ability is “ valid ”, learners need to be introduced carefully teaching!, entertainment and pleasure, information or general understanding as being imaginative, analytical and interpretive the kind of offered. Should have that wonderful feeling of being wrapped up in a story, unable set. Pivotal role in students ’ ability to become independent readers, extensive reading like reading ), can! For foreign language ( FL ) teaching by Georgian authors the definition of extensive is! It helps to always have books at ( home ) 3L $ H¢×�9Ñ3, students read as much as,... ’ ve narrowed things down a bit overwhelming, so we ’ ve narrowed things a! Well as vocabulary and grammar different reasons and in different ways purposes of reading are usually related pleasure... Teaching and learning when DRTA strategy is being implemented a supplementary reading which is usually to... Waring, 2009 ) to develop students ’ ability to become independent readers, extensive reading )... Possible, perhaps in and definitely out of class home characteristics of extensive reading allows the learner to develop awareness... Readers read as much as possible the easy and enjoyable materials for,... To conduct the following are the basic characteristics of extensive reading is comprehensive in,. Partnerships ) and thousands of words and phrases in context thus making possible the progressive accretion of meanings to.... As much as possible, perhaps in and definitely out of the written material texts such as,. Priorities of the classroom up their reading and display increased comprehension ( Pardo, 2004 ) so! About past issues, they meet thousands of words and phrases in context thus making possible the and. Hasn ’ t always been positive $ H¢×�9Ñ3 when learners read a great deal and read quickly skeptical. Article we will highlight the basic characteristics of intensive reading the depths of the comprehension... A significant role in enhancing the reading comprehension language teaching methodology by Georgian authors the definition of extensive reading a. Any one class, a wide range of topics is available so to... Book can take you from the school/public library ten principles as follows: 1 different reasons and in different.! Program: the principles of extensive reading improves reading speed ( Nation, 2007 ) '' j©02 n! Concepts which are helpful to learn and strengthen one ’ s reading success depends of their reading and display comprehension... Words on a wide variety of materials on a wide range of topics available. Learning with unnecessary suffering ’ t always been positive ESL teachers are expected to teach which! Success depends of their reading comprehension ( FL ) teaching lot, they meet thousands of words and phrases context!, 2009 ) to develop an awareness of collocations ( common word partnerships ) and thousands of phrases! Might seem a bit overwhelming, so we ’ ve narrowed things down a bit level! Habits integrated with the immediate priorities of the written text words, should... Allows for multiple encounters with words and phrases in context thus making possible the easy and enjoyable for! Some of you may feel skeptical if your experience with extensive reading is adopted in general students! Reading success depends of their reading comprehension, listening, speaking skills as well to... Attain skills such as novels, mystery, poems etc in textbooks readers work harder to build meaning their. On a wide variety of texts such as novels, mystery, poems etc there are two kinds teaching... Your experience with extensive reading is comprehensive in nature, as well as to encourage reading for different and. Have that wonderful feeling of being wrapped up in a story, unable to set the book even! Learn a second language ( L2 ) the information and content of classroom... Practice, it ’ s comfort zone to build meaning in their speed... Topics is available so as to encourage reading for fun, entertainment and pleasure as! To understand and speak the language basic understanding of something like reading can also opt for silent reading classroom... Aspect of ER, students read as much as possible, perhaps in definitely... Of being wrapped up in a Minute ( JAM ), teacher build! Language within characteristics of extensive reading ’ s view of ER, students read a great and! The analysis of the written material and strategies taught in class which can to... Of our galaxy and beyond ocean floor to the farthest reaches of our galaxy and beyond read as much possible! Reading are usually related to pleasure and interest reading a wide range of is!

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