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Janes | The latest defence and security news from Janes - the trusted source for defence intelligence [needs update], In October 2011 the Canadian government launched the National Shipbuilding Procurement Strategy which aims to replace the Halifax class, as well as the capabilities of the Iroquois-class destroyers, with up to 15 new warships under the Canadian Surface Combatant. There are twelve Halifax-class ships in Canadian service: TKWA/MASS (Multi Ammunition Softkill System), National Shipbuilding Procurement Strategy, Shipboard Integrated Communications System, International Traffic in Arms Regulations, Sirius long-range Infrared Search and Track (IRST), "Irving finishes frigate refits for navy", "Davie Shipyard Begins Halifax-Class Frigate Mid-Life Refit Program", "Value Propositions and NSPS: A Canadian Success Story? The torpedo decoy is the AN/SLQ-25A Nixie towed acoustic decoy from Argon ST. [26], The Halifax class were fitted with the Multi Ammunition Softkill System (MASS) developed by Rheinmetall. [25] The Pathfinder ST Mk 2 radar system is part of the 9LV Mk4. BAE Systems received a contract to upgrade the Bofors 57 mm Mk 2 to Bofors 57 mm Mk 3 configuration. The remaining ships would have replaced the capabilities provided by the current fleet of Halifax-class frigates as a more general purpose/antisubmarine warfare variant. The class is the outcome of the Canadian Patrol Frigate Project, which dates to the mid-1970s. [34] The selection of the design was pushed to Spring 2018. The vessels carry 16 missiles. [7], Two Thales Nederland (formerly Signaal) SPG-503 (STIR 1.8) fire control radars are installed one on the roof of the bridge and one on the raised radar platform immediately forward of the helicopter hangar. However, all four have been decommissioned, the last being HMCS Athabaskan in March 2017. [22] On 20 January 2015, Irving Shipbuilding was named the prime contractor for the program. The new radars have advanced detection capability, new radiation control and pulse blanker interfaces and have improved interaction with the vessels' upgraded command and control system. These radars are optimized for medium-to-long range search and target designation with a high degree of detection. The acquisition is for 15 ships to replace both the retired Iroquois-class Destroyers and the Halifax-class frigates, with an estimated cost of $56-60 billion. [36][37], On 28 November 2017, BAE Systems along with its partners Lockheed Martin Canada; CAE Inc.; L3 Technologies; MacDonald, Dettwiler and Associates; and Ultra Electronics, officially pitched their Type 26 warship design for the Canadian Surface Combatant project. By December 2017, the three submitted proposals were:[7], On 19 October 2018, it was announced that the Type 26 was the "preferred design" and the government "will now enter into negotiations with the winning bidder to confirm it can deliver everything promised in the complex proposal. [4] In July 1983, the federal government approved the budget for the design and construction of the first batch of six frigates, with a second batch ordered in December 1987. [12][14] The construction phase of the program on the east coast was completed on 29 November 2016 when the final east coast ship, Toronto, was handed back to the Royal Canadian Navy at Halifax. [4], As built, the Halifax-class vessels displaced 4,750 long tons (4,830 t) and were 134.65 metres (441 ft 9 in) long overall and 124.49 metres (408 ft 5 in) between perpendiculars with a beam of 16.36 metres (53 ft 8 in) and a draught of 4.98 metres (16 ft 4 in). As originally intended, both variants would have the necessary combat capabilities to operate in air, surface and subsurface threat environments, a small number of ships (up to five) would have additionally incorporated the sensors, guided weapons and command and fire control facilities necessary to perform large-area air defence, along with having the facilities to be task force flagships. [29], This report caught the attention of the House of Commons Standing Committee on Government Operations and Estimates. This level of watchdog review and spiralling cost estimates drew parallels to Canada’s cancelled acquisition of F-35 Lightning II fighter jets. The closing date was 5 November 2012. All ships of the class are named after a major city in each province (St. John's, Halifax, Charlottetown, Fredericton, Québec City, Toronto, Winnipeg, Regina, Calgary and Vancouver) plus the cities of Ottawa and Montreal. Naval Group and Fincantieri said they could provide the vessels to the Canadian government for $20.9 billion and begin construction at Irving as early as 2019. [15][12] Calgary was the first to undergo work at Victoria, followed by Winnipeg, Ottawa and Regina. )[16] CMS330 is a development of SHINPADS. The replacement vessels will be somewhat larger than the existing Halifax class, and presumably provide a wide-area air defence capability, anti-submarine warfare capability, as well as anti-shipping capability. The Pathfinder Mark II is designed to provide a modern and flexible navigation tool. [20] The speed of the vessels in the class increased to over 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph) following the FELEX upgrades.[21]. As part of the refit, Thales Canada supplied the Sirius long-range Infrared Search and Track (IRST) for the Halifax class. Atlas Elektronik, DCNS, Lockheed Martin Canada, Saab Australia, Selex ES, Thales Nederland and ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems Canada all made the shortlist. Saab provided 26 CEROS 200 Fire Control Directors. [27] The nearly $2 billion in research and development savings would allow for more ships to be built and the integration of more advanced technology with increased capability, over the long term. Additionally, the National Shipbuilding Strategy is set to have a planned Auditor General review in early 2021. This led to a diplomatic exchange and one of the bidders' nations to demand direct negotiations between governments. "[8][9] However, after litigation by one of the failed bids, Alion Canada, was announced in November 2018, the government was ordered to postpone any discussion of contracts until the investigation by the Canadian International Trade Tribunal was complete. The SG-150 HC will be upgraded and will secure a high level of operational availability as well improved functions. [1] HMCS Halifax was the first of an eventual twelve Canadian-designed and Canadian-built vessels which combine traditional anti-submarine capabilities with systems to deal with surface and air threats as well. [28], Rheinmetall Waffe Munition GmbH received a contract to provide 14 Passive Electronic Countermeasures Systems (ECM). These included the Shipboard Integrated Communications System (SHINCOM), the Shipboard Integrated Machinery Control (SHINMACS), and Shipboard Integrated Integrated Processing and Display System (SHINPADS). [10] with technical assistance from the United States. in the range of $60 billion. Bids were to be submitted by 22 June with a winner expected to be declared in Fall 2017. As for the warship designer role, the following companies were pre-qualified: Alion-JJMA, BAE Systems, DCNS, Fincantieri, Navantia, Odense Maritime Technology and ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems Canada.[26]. A further $1 billion was paid to contractors for other projects. This system was augmented by the Maritime Satellite Communications Upgrade (MSCU), featuring the AN/USC-69(V3) antenna installed on the hangar top. The Halifax class have a complement of 198 naval personnel of which 17 are officers and 17 aircrew of which 8 are officers. [14] The Iroquois class was originally scheduled for retirement around 2010 after 40 years in service;[15] the ships were then expected to have their service lives extended until replacements were commissioned. [11] The sonobuoy processing system is the GD-C AN/UYS-503. [5][7] That made them slightly larger than the Iroquois-class destroyers. [5][7] Using their gas turbines, the ships have a range of 3,930 nautical miles (7,280 km; 4,520 mi) at 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph). The ship's radar warning receiver, the CANEWS (Canadian Electronic Warfare System), SLQ-501, and the radar jammer, SLQ-505, were developed by Thorn and Lockheed Martin Canada. The government later investigated merging those bids. However, the Halifax-class vessels continue to be upgraded with at least some ships of the class anticipated as likely to continue service into the 2040s. Foote announced that only designs from ships already in service or mature existing designs would be part of the process. [28], On 20 October 2020, Alan Williams (former Assistant Deputy Minister, Supply Operations Service in Public Works and Government Services Canada, and former Assistant Deputy Minister of Materiel at the Department of National Defence) released a paper examining the estimated life-cycle costs of Canada’s Canadian Surface Combatants. [5] The vessels are propelled by two shafts with Escher Wyss controllable pitch propellers driven by a CODOG system of two General Electric LM2500 gas turbines, generating 47,500 shaft horsepower (35,400 kW) and one SEMT Pielstick 20 PA6 V 280 diesel engine, generating 8,800 shaft horsepower (6,600 kW). [25] This put in jeopardy the number of ships that could be produced and raised the prospect of ships with reduced capabilities. [13], The Single-Class Surface Combatant Project is a naval procurement program for the Royal Canadian Navy created to replace the aging vessels of the Iroquois and Halifax classes. The Iroquois class, an anti-air warfare destroyer, and the Halifax class, a multi-role frigate, have come to the end or are nearing the end of their service lives and require replacement. History. [7] The vessels also carry eight 12.7 mm (0.50 in) machine guns. [17][18], In the 2008 Canadian National Shipbuilding Procurement Strategy, $26 billion was planned for the construction of the 15 vessels of the Single Class Surface Combatant Project. [19][20] The first ships were slated to become available in 2026. The total cost of the program was set at $4.3 billion, with $2 billion for combat systems upgrades and $1.2 billion for the mid-life refits. The Smart-S Mk2 is a 3D multibeam radar which can detect hostile targets in near-shore environments. [7], The Government of Canada announced on 5 July 2007 a $3.1 billion refit program for the Halifax class which would take place from 2010–2018 and extend the ships' service lives through to the 2030s. [30] The system was first used by the Halifax class on deployments to Operation Reassurance in 2012.[30]. [29], The Halifax class received two Navy Multi-band Terminals (NMT), installed on the forward port and starboard sides of the hangar, to increase its satellite communications capabilities. The ESSM gives a greater range against anti-ship missiles and enemy aircraft. [2], The new combat system architecture and combat management system is the CMS330 Combat Management System from Lockheed Martin Canada, which includes elements of the Saab 9LV Mk4 Combat Management System (known as the "CanACCS-9LV" suite of components. In 2015, Canada acquired twelve sets of X and S-Band navigation radars from Raytheon Anschütz for the class. [19], It was announced by the Department of National Defence that Hewitt Equipment was chosen to replace the diesel generators aboard the Halifax-class vessels in June 2015. [42], It is also believed that due to concerns over the fairness of the bidding process, two European shipbuilders, possibly Germany's ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems and Denmark's Odense Maritime Technology, declined to submit bids.[43]. [23] Thales supplied 13 Smart-S Mk2 S-band radars, including one for training purposes. In 2007, the Government of Canada announced a planned refit of the Halifax class which is known as the Halifax Class Modernization Project (HCMP) of which the Frigate Equipment Life Extension (FELEX) project is a part. Approximately two-thirds of these costs are attributable to the long-term operations and support (O&S) costs of the CSC. [25] The total cost of the naval ship building program rose from $26.2 billion to $42 billion in a study. [33] Further delay in the bidding process arose due to the Government of Canada's demand that any intellectual property associated with the vessel be transferred upon purchase. In November 2008, a Lockheed Martin Canada-led team including Saab AB, Elisra, IBM Canada, CAE Professional Services, L-3 Electronic Systems and xwave, was awarded the contract. The unsolicited bid was rejected because it came outside of the official bidding process. The upgrades were performed at Karlskoga between 2010–2016, before being installed in Halifax and Victoria. On 13 June 2016, Minister of Public Services and Procurement Judy Foote announced Ottawa would buy and modify an off-the-shelf design for the new warships, instead of designing them from scratch. [10] SHINPADS was developed by Sperry Computer Systems in Winnipeg. [17] IPMS is a development of SHINMACS.[8]. [8] The preferred alignment for the new bridge is the blue line, which leads to a 500m suspended span between the towers. This replacement class is currently in the design stage and construction is anticipated to begin in the early 2020s. [7], The tactical command and control systems were developed in Canada. [24], Raytheon Anschütz provided at least 12 Pathfinder ST MK 2 Radar systems. As of 2016[update] the project was on budget. [22] The IRST is able to track low radar cross-section aircraft and ships. The construction phase of the program was completed in November 2016. The initial plan called for separate bids for design and integration of systems aboard the vessels. The Halifax class also carries a close-in anti-submarine weapon in the form of the Mark 46 torpedo, launched from twin Mark 32 Mod 9 torpedo tubes in launcher compartments either side of the forward end of the helicopter hangar. 2 × twin 324 mm torpedo tubes (auto-loaded): Modular mission support capacity for sea containers and vehicles, This page was last edited on 4 February 2021, at 02:21. [21], On 26 October 2012 a letter of interest was published by Public Works and Government Services Canada to announce a session in which interested firms could find out the needs of DND for the new class and the project in general. [31][32] Delays in the bidding process were announced by the government in February 2017 after a third of the entrants requested more time to compile a bid. The warship project was launched in earnest nearly a decade ago when Irving Shipbuilding in Halifax was selected in October 2011 to build the fleet, with the total cost estimated at around $26 billion and the first ship to be delivered in the mid-2020s. MASS is a fully computerized countermeasure. However, unlike the other bids, this price excludes the cost of design, infrastructure, spare parts, training, ammunition, contingencies and project management. The Single-Class Surface Combatant Project is a naval procurement program for the Royal Canadian Navy created to replace the aging vessels of the Iroquois and Halifax classes. $10.00 D7205 [5][6] To reflect the changing long term strategy of the Navy during the 1980s and 1990s, the Halifax-class frigates was designed as a general purpose warship with particular focus on anti-submarine capabilities. The modernization includes passive and active weapons, radars, and new combat architecture. It provides defence against modern threats including modern sea skimming anti-ship missiles or asymmetric threats in littoral environments. In 2017, a new defence policy framework, entitled Strong, Secure and Engaged, was unveiled which promised significantly greater resources for the Surface Combatant Project - i.e. The Type-26 will replace the navy’s existing fleet of 12 Halifax-class frigates as well as its three Iroquois-class destroyers, which were retired several years ago. ", "Canadian Naval Technology Earns Global Sales: In the Beginning was the Canadian Patrol Frigate", "Naval Engineering Accomplishments in Canada", "Royal Canadian Navy Halifax-class Frigates Modernization and Life Extension Program", "Navy says no to buying American: U.S. restrictions on technology can lead to delays", "Halifax-class Modernization / Frigate Life Extension", "Canadian Navy Frigate Refit Program Completed", "Lockheed Martin Canada Announces Team to Pursue, "L-3 to supply platform management system to Halifax-class frigates", "NRWS: Naval Remote Weapon Station for Halifax class Frigates and Tribal Destroyers – MERX Letters of Interest/Industry Day", "Raytheon Canada Limited: Private Company Information – Businessweek", "Hewitt Equipment to replace Canadian Halifax-class frigates' generators", "Canada & Holland Order 17 SIRIUS Shipboard Long-Range IRST Sensors", "Lockheed Martin says critical design review on Frigate upgrade reached", "Canadian Frigate Modernization to Include Thales Smart-S Mk2 Radar", "NSC Radars for Canadian Navy frigate modernization program", "Raytheon Anschütz delivers navigation radars for Canada's Halifax-class frigates", "More Information on Softkill System for Halifax-Class Frigates", "Elbit Systems awarded $55 million Lockheed Martin contract to Supply Electronic Warfare Equipment for Canadian Navy Frigate Upgrade Program", "Wideband Global SATCOM and its Integration into the Royal Canadian Navy", List of frigates of the Royal Canadian Navy, List of aircraft of the Royal Canadian Navy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Halifax-class_frigate&oldid=1003991498, Articles lacking reliable references from June 2016, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from May 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from October 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Saint John Shipbuilding, Saint John, New Brunswick, Fire control: SAAB CEROS-200 Fire control radar, Passive sonar: AN/SQR-501 CANTASS Passive, This page was last edited on 31 January 2021, at 17:10. The International Traffic in Arms Regulations have also been blamed for the delay of the CH-148 Cyclone which was running two years behind the original schedule. The Halifax-class frigate, also referred to as the City class, is a class of multi-role patrol frigates that have served the Royal Canadian Navy since 1992. [6], As built, the decoy system comprises two BAE Systems Shield Mark 2 decoy launchers which fire chaff to 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) and infrared rockets to 169 metres (185 yd) in distraction, confusion and centroid seduction modes. [41] However, on 8 December 2017, Naval Group/Fincantieri announced they would continue to submit and support their unsolicited bid, with letters of project endorsement and promised long term support from French Defense Minister Florence Parly and Italian Defense Minister Roberta Pinotti. Williams estimated that the price tag to acquire, operate and support the Canadian Surface Combatants throughout their life-cycle of approximately 30 years will cost between $213.5 and $219.6 billion. [30], In October 2016 it was reported that twelve bidders had been asked to submit their designs by 27 April 2017. The NMT system communicates with satellites in geostationary orbit via the Ka band. The CEROS 200 is part of the 9LV Mk4. The ship is also fitted with Raytheon AN/SPS-49(V)5 long-range active air search radar operating at C and D bands, Ericsson HC150 Sea Giraffe medium-range air and surface search radar operating at G and H bands, and Kelvin Hughes Type 1007 I-band navigation radar. Drs Technology Canada and was exported to other navies the ships themselves only represents about 50-60 % of the themselves... 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